Level 3 Mortlock Wing State Library of South Australia North Terrace Adelaide SA 5000

Hallewell's Views of the Bermudas 1848

These 13 beautiful prints  are of Hallewell's watercolours made between 1842-1844 while he was posted in the army to Bermuda. They were issued in limited editions and are extremely rare being historically important as the most comprehensive and accurate set of views of Bermuda in Victorian times.  They were lithographed by R Parrott, hand coloured and published in London in 1848.

Edmund Gilling Hallewell was born in April 1822 in Gloustershire, England. His military career began when he purchased the rank of Ensign in December 1839. He arrived in Bermuda in 1841 with the 20th Regiment of Foot or East Devons. In 1842 he was promoted to lieutenant and in 1844 to adjutant. Hallewell also served as private secretary to Governor Colonel William Reid who was keen on developing agriculture on the island and saw Hallewell's "sketches" as a way of promoting this in London. Hallewell married Reid's daughter, Sofia.

From 1842-1844 he produced the views of Bermuda which were considered "pictorial cartography" rather than finished art. These were referred to as "sketches" which was common terminology of the time, for such works. (ref. David Roberts' sketches of the Holy Land).

In 1847 Hallewell left Bermuda and was posted to Canada where he purchased the rank of captain in 1848 . He continued to paint at his various postings including Halifax, Kingston and Montreal. He returned to England in 1850 and exhibited his works at the Royal Academy, the British Institution and the Society of British Artists. In 1854 he was transferred to the North Gloustershire Regiment and served with distinction in the Crimean War from 1854-1855. During that time he produced sketches, watercolours and plans notably of Sebastopol. Promoted to full colonel in 1860 he became Commandant of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, where he died in office.

Hallewell's Bermuda

RGSSA catalogue rgsp 917.299 H186 d Very large red box Cabinet 2 Shelf 4

The following is taken from the Lush Gallery web site and gives a useful description of Hallewell's pictures of Bermuda.

The thirteen lithographic Hallewell prints, published in London and Bermuda in 1848 after being re-drawn by W. Parrott from Hallewell’s watercolours, form three extended panoramas: six views form a panorama of the islands in the Great Sound seen from a hill west of Gibbs Hill lighthouse; four form a panorama from a hill on Spanish Point looking to the Great Sound with the shores of Warwick, Southampton, and Sandy’s parishes beyond; and three views from near St. David’s lighthouse form a panorama looking over Smith’s Island to the town and parish of St. George’s. One of the more notable prints presents a view of the Gibbs Hill Signal Station and Lighthouse, the first to offer a representation of the lighthouse in significant detail, also conveying a sense of the tower’s isolation from anything else of particular significance at that time. Of further note is a view (from near Spanish point) of Timlin’s Narrows/Boss Cove/The Rock Passage/One Rock Passage/Oxford/Ship Passage, an image that clearly reveals the archipelagic nature of Bermuda, as well as emphasizing the strong connection of Bermudians to the water - which, at this period, still continued to be the most convenient mode of transportation for much anything beyond a walk to the parish church on Sundays. Additionally, from a vantage point near Gibbs Hill, Hallewell executes a rather expansive view of central Bermuda, from western Pembroke to Devonshire, with Hamilton portrayed as a conspicuous jumble of white buildings enfolded in cedar woodlands.

The 1848 suite was originally issued in relatively small numbers and is now extremely rare: only two copies (one incomplete) are listed as having sold at auction in the past 35 years. Though the work does not appear in the standard bibliographies, it is known to have been issued in two forms: tinted lithographs (an edition of which was sold by Nicholas Lusher of Nicholas Lusher Antiques and Fine Art) and hand-coloured lithographs, cut down and mounted in imitation of watercolours. The suite holds the distinction of comprising the most extensive set of printed views of the island ever published, imparting for posterity an accurate representation of the island as it existed in the early Victorian period.

Reference The Lusher Gallery , New York and Bermuda web site https://lushergallery.com/edmu...